nkhani

Chitoliro chachitsulo chosanjikiza chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popereka madzi, monga kupereka mafuta, gasi, gasi, madzi ndi zinthu zina zolimba. Poyerekeza ndi chitsulo chozungulira chitsulo china cholimba, chitsulo chachitsulo ndimtundu wamagawo azachuma omwe ali ndi mphamvu yofananira komanso yamphamvu komanso kupepuka. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga zida zomangira ndi makina, monga pobowola mafuta, shaft yamagalimoto, chimango cha njinga ndi chitsulo chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga.Kugwiritsa ntchito chubu yazitsulo kuti apange ziwalo zamakina kumatha kukonza magwiritsidwe azinthu, kuchepetsa njira zopangira ndikusunga zakuthupi ndi nthawi yokonza, monga kugubuduza kubala bushing.

Pakadali pano, chitoliro chachitsulo chakhala chikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga mphete ndi malaya a jekete. Chitoliro chachitsulo kapena zida zosiyanasiyana zamtundu wofunikira, mbiya yamfuti, mbiya mpaka chitoliro chachitsulo popanga. Ma chubu azitsulo amatha kugawidwa m'machubu zozungulira komanso zopangidwa mwapadera Ma chubu molingana ndi mawonekedwe a mbali yopingasa.Pakuti bwalo liri ndi malo akulu kwambiri okhala ndi kuzungulira komweko, madzimadzi ambiri amatha kutumizidwa mu chubu chozungulira.Kuwonjezera apo, gawo la annular likakhala ndi kuthamanga kwapakati kapena kwakunja, mphamvuyo yunifolomu yambiri, ma machubu ambiri azitsulo ndi ma machubu ozungulira.Komabe, chitoliro chozungulira chimakhalanso ndi zolephera zina, monga momwe ndege imakhotakhota, chitoliro chozungulira sichilimba ngati sikweya, chitoliro chamakona anayi chopindika, makina ena aulimi, chitsulo ndi mipando yamatabwa, ndi zina zambiri, zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mozungulira, mapaipi amakona anayi. Ma machubu ena opangidwa mwapadera okhala ndi mawonekedwe osiyanasiyana amafunika malinga ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito kosiyanasiyana.

Njira yopangira
Malinga ndi njira zopangira zosiyanasiyana zitha kugawidwa ngati chitoliro chotentha, chitoliro chozizira chozizira, chitoliro chojambula chozizira, chitoliro cha extrusion ndi zina zotero.
1.1. Hot-adagulung'undisa kosatayana machubu zambiri amapangidwa pa kudziletsa anagubuduza chitoliro mill.The olimba chubu billet anali kudula mu zigawo pambuyo anayendera ndi zilema pamwamba anali chitakonzedwa
Kutalika kofunikira kumakhazikika kumapeto kwa nkhope ya kumapeto kwa phula la chubu, kenako ndikutumiza ku ng'anjo yotenthetsera kuti itenthedwe ndi kuponyedwa pa nkhonya.
Wopitiriza kasinthasintha ndi patsogolo, pansi pa zochita za wodzigudubuza ndi mutu, akusowekapo mkati pang'onopang'ono anapanga patsekeke, lotchedwa capillary chubu. Kenako kutumiza kwa anagubuduza basi
Kugudubuza kumapitilizabe pamphero.Pomaliza, makulidwe amakoma amasinthidwa ndimakina onse ndipo m'mimba mwake zimatsimikizika ndi makina osanja kuti akwaniritse zofunikira.

Yopanga otentha adagulung'undisa chitoliro kosatayana zitsulo ndi njira zapamwamba.

1.2. Kwa mapaipi ang'onoang'ono komanso abwinoko osasunthika, kuzizira kozizira, kujambula kozizira kapena kuphatikiza kwake kuyenera kutengedwa.
Njira: Kuzizira kozizira nthawi zambiri kumachitika pamphero ziwiri. Chitoliro chachitsulo ndimabowo ozungulira mumphako wozungulira wokhala ndi mutu wokhazikika ndi gawo losinthasintha.
Middle rolling.Cold zojambula nthawi zambiri zimachitika pa 0.5 ~ 100T unyolo umodzi kapena makina awiri ozizira ojambula.

1.3 Panjira ya extrusion, chubu chotenthedwa chopanda kanthu chimayikidwa mu silinda yotsekedwa ya extrusion, ndipo ndodo yopota ndi ndodo ya extrusion zimayendera limodzi kuti zipange
The extruder ndi extruded kuchokera ang'onoang'ono die hole.This njira zingabweretse zitsulo chitoliro ndi awiri ang'onoang'ono.

2. Kuyesedwa kwamankhwala
2.1 Ziphuphu zosasunthika zapakhomo zimaperekedwa malinga ndi kapangidwe kake ndimakina, monga zinthu: 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 45 Astm a106 Astm a53
Kapangidwe ka no. Zitsulo 50 zizitsatira GB / T699-88.Mapaipi omwe alowa nawo kunja adzawunikidwa molingana ndi miyezo yoyenera mu mgwirizano.
Mankhwala a 09MnV, 16Mn ndi 15MnV azitsulo azigwirizana ndi zomwe GB1591-79 amapereka.

2.2 Tchulani gawo loyenera la GB223-84 Njira Zakuwunika Zamakina Zachitsulo ndi Aloyi za njira zina zowunikira.
2.3 Kusanthula Kusanthula Yerekezerani ndi GB222-84 "Kupatuka Kololeka Kwazipangizo Zazitsanzo ndi Zomaliza Zamalonda Zazitsulo Zazitsulo".

3. Kuyendera magwiridwe antchito
3.1 Chitoliro chanyumba chosasunthika chomwe chimaperekedwa malinga ndi magwiridwe antchito, chitsulo wamba cha kaboni malinga ndi GB / T700-88 kalasi A yopanga chitsulo (koma ayenera
Onetsetsani kuti zinthu za sulfure sizipitilira 0.050% ndipo phosphorous yake siyidutsa 0.045%), makina ake ayenera kutsatira tebulo la GB8162-87
Nambala inayake.
3.2 Zipangizo zosasunthika zapakhomo zomwe zimaperekedwa molingana ndi kuyesedwa kwa hydrostatic ziyenera kuonetsetsa kuti mayeso a hydrostatic atchulidwa muyezo.
3.3 Kuyendera magwiridwe antchito a chitoliro chosasunthika chakunja kumachitika malinga ndi miyezo yoyenera mu mgwirizano.
2.1. Cholinga chachikulu chitoliro chosasunthika chimapangidwa ndi chitsulo chokhazikika cha kaboni komanso kapangidwe kocheperako ka aloyi
Zitsulo kapena aloyi kachitidwe kazitsulo kazitsulo, kapangidwe kake kopambana, kamene kamagwiritsidwa ntchito poperekera mapaipi amadzimadzi kapena magawo azinthu.
2.2 Mitundu itatu yamatundumitundu malinga ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito kosiyanasiyana: A. Kupereka malinga ndi kapangidwe kake ndimakina amagetsi; Wonjezerani malinga ndi magwiridwe antchito; C,
Mapaipi azitsulo omwe amaperekedwa m'magulu A ndi B nawonso adzayesedwa hydrostatic ngati angagwiritsidwe ntchito kuthana ndi madzi.
Mapaipi opanda zingwe pazinthu zapadera amaphatikizapo kukolera kosatayana mapaipi, mapaipi osanjikiza a geological ndi mapaipi amafuta opanda mafuta.
4. Mtundu
4.1 Malinga ndi njira zosiyanasiyana zopangira, machubu azitsulo opanda msoko amatha kugawidwa mu chitoliro chotentha, chitoliro chozizira chozizira, chitoliro chozizira chojambula, chitoliro cha extrusion, etc.
4.2 Pali ma machubu ozungulira ndi machubu opangidwa mwapadera malinga ndi mawonekedwe awo.Padera pa machubu azing'ono ndi amakona anayi, machubu owumbika mwapadera amakhalanso ndi machubu ozungulira, Semicircular, triangular, hexagonal, convex, yoboola pakati, ndi zina zambiri.
4.3 Malinga ndi zida zosiyanasiyana, zimatha kugawidwa pachitetezo cha kaboni wamba, chubu yotsika kwambiri ya aloyi, kapangidwe kaboni kapamwamba ndi mphambano ya aloyi Chitoliro chomanga, chitoliro chosapanga dzimbiri, ndi zina zambiri.
4.4 Malinga ndi cholinga chapadera, pali ma chubu otentha, machubu a geological, chitoliro cha mafuta, ndi zina zambiri.

5. Mafotokozedwe ndi mawonekedwe a mawonekedwe
Kosatayana chitoliro malinga GB / T8162-87 chakudya
5.1. Mfundo: Hot adagulung'undisa chitoliro awiri 32 ~ 630mm. The makulidwe khoma ndi 2.5 ~ 75mm. Ozizira anagubuduza (ozizira zojambula) chitoliro awiri 5 ~ 200mm.
Makulidwe khoma ndi 2.5 ~ 12mm.
Maonekedwe a 5.2: mawonekedwe amkati ndi akunja a machubu azitsulo sadzakhala ndi ming'alu, zopinda, masikono, kuwongolera, ndege kapena zopindika
Chaka chonse.Zolakwikazi ziyenera kuchotsedwa kwathunthu ndipo makulidwe am khoma ndi m'mimba mwake asadutse zolakwika atachotsedwa.
5.3 Onse malekezero a chitoliro chachitsulo ayenera kudula kumakona oyenera ndi burrs ayenera kuchotsedwa.Gas kudula ndi kutentha macheka kudula amaloledwa kwa machubu zitsulo ndi makulidwe khoma kuposa 20mm
Dulani.Singadulidwe pangano pakati pa wogula ndi wogulitsa.
4.4 Kutalika kwapamwamba kwamachubu achitsulo ozizira kapena ozizira odzigudubuza kumatanthauza GB3639-83.
6. Kulongedza
Monga tafotokozera mu GB2102-88.Pali mitundu itatu yazitsulo yolongedza chitoliro: kumangirira, kulongedza, kumanga mafuta kapena kulongedza mafuta. Zitsulo chubu ndi Chingwe chazitali chokhala ndi gawo lopanda kanthu ndipo kulibe malo olumikizana nacho. Chitsulo chachitsulo chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popereka madzi Mapaipi, monga omwe amanyamula mafuta, gasi, gasi, madzi, ndi zinthu zina zolimba. Poyerekeza ndi chitsulo chozungulira ndi chitsulo china cholimba, Ndi mtundu wachitsulo chokhala ndi gawo lolimba lomwe limakhala ndi mphamvu zofanana komanso zamphamvu komanso zolemetsa. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga magawo azipangidwe ndi makina.
Monga chitoliro chamafuta, shaft yamagalimoto yamagalimoto, njinga yamiyala ndi katawala kazitsulo komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga. Kodi kusintha magwiritsidwe chuma, wosalira ndondomeko kupanga, kupulumutsa chuma ndi nthawi processing, monga anagubuduza zimakhudza mphete, Jack malaya, etc.
Pakadali pano, chitoliro chachitsulo chakhala chikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pakupanga. Chitoliro chachitsulo kapena zida zosiyanasiyana zankhondo, mfuti, mbiya, ndi zina zambiri
Zitsulo zamatope zitha kugawidwa m'machubu zozungulira ndi machubu owumbidwa mwapadera malinga ndi mawonekedwe a magawo ozungulira. Popeza kuzungulira kwake kuli chimodzimodzi, pamwamba pa bwalolo
Kutalika kwakukulu, madzimadzi ambiri amatha kunyamulidwa mu chubu chozungulira.Kuwonjezera apo, gawo la mphete limakakamizidwa ndi kuthamanga kwapakati kapena kwakunja
Mphamvuyo ndi yunifolomu, choncho machubu ambiri azitsulo amakhala machubu ozungulira.
Komabe, chitolirocho chimakhalanso ndi zolephera zina. Mwachitsanzo, pansi poti munthu angakwerere ndege, chitolirocho sichimagonjera kupindika kuposa chitoliro chachikulu ndi chitoliro chamakona anayi
Mphamvu zake ndizazikulu, chimango cha makina ochepa pafamu ndikukhazikitsa, mipando yazitsulo imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati matenthedwe, chubu chamakona anayi.
Chitoliro chojambulidwa chachitsulo Choyenera kugwirizanitsidwa ndi mitundu ingapo: chitoliro chosinthira madzi, chomera chowotcha, uinjiniya, makina opanga makina.


Post nthawi: Nov-17-2020